Student wanted to be fancy and use ‘whom’ but didn’t really know how it fit into the sentence. Some sentence fragments popped up, too.
Who vs Whom
A friend is someone whom she spends time with, and who helps her to become a better person.
- Why is this wrong?
- It’s like saying “A friend is someone her spends time with”
A friend is someone WITH WHOM she spends time, and who helps her to become a better person.
Argh, what’s this ‘who/whom’ mess all about?
- Who/whom are like he/him and I/me.
- You can say, “He gave the pen to me”
- but not “Him gave the pen to I.”
- Therefore, “Who gave me the pen?”
- but not “Whom gave me the pen?”
- Also, “To whom did I give the pen?”
- Or, “You gave the pen to whom?”
- But in this case, common usage means you can also say
- “Who did I give the pen to?”
- “You gave the pen to who?”
Fragments – incomplete sentence pretending to do full duty.
Friendships are formed in many different ways. Some through sympathy and some based upon trivialities.
- The second sentence is a fragment, and can be joined to the previous sentence with a comma.
- Then the ‘are’ in ‘are formed’ will prop up the next phrases.
Friendships are formed in many different ways, some through sympathy and some based upon trivialities.
- But! Then there will be one sentence less in the paragraph, and it’s already short!
- Let’s make it a stand-alone sentence instead.
- Notice the word ‘and’ showing that there’s this option and the other option
Some are created though sympathy while some are based upon trivialities.
- Now “are created” and “are based” have their own verbs
- Hurray for stand-alone sentences! They bulk up a paragraph!
- This “while” is better than ‘and’ because it signals a contrast is about to happen