Who wrote whom?

who whomStudent wanted to be fancy and use ‘whom’ but didn’t really know how it fit into the sentence.   Some sentence fragments popped up, too.

Who vs Whom

A friend is someone whom she spends time with, and who helps her to become a better person.

  • Why is this wrong?
  • It’s like saying “A friend is someone her spends time with”

Instead, write:

A friend is someone WITH WHOM she spends time, and who helps her to become a better person.

Argh, what’s this ‘who/whom’ mess all about?

  • Who/whom are like he/him and I/me.
  • You can say, “He gave the pen to me”
    • but not “Him gave the pen to I.”
  • Therefore, “Who gave me the pen?”
    • but not “Whom gave me the pen?”
  • Also, “To whom did I give the pen?”
  • Or, “You gave the pen to whom?”
    • But in this case, common usage means you can also say
    • “Who did I give the pen to?”
    • “You gave the pen to who?”fragement

Fragments – incomplete sentence pretending to do full duty.

Friendships are formed in many different ways. Some through sympathy and some based upon trivialities.

  • The second sentence is a fragment, and can be joined to the previous sentence with a comma.
    • Then the ‘are’ in ‘are formed’ will prop up the next phrases.

Friendships are formed in many different ways, some through sympathy and some based upon trivialities.

  • But! Then there will be one sentence less in the paragraph, and it’s already short!
    • Let’s make it a stand-alone sentence instead.
  • Notice the word ‘and’ showing that there’s this option and the other option

Some are created though sympathy while some are based upon trivialities.

  • Now “are created” and “are based” have their own verbs
    • Hurray for stand-alone sentences! They bulk up a paragraph!
  • This “while” is better than ‘and’ because it signals a contrast is about to happen
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